Plastic Surgery

Laser treatment

What is the Laser treatment?

The number of procedures involves usage of laser, and there are some of the most common:
- laser hair removal;
- Acne treatment. Acne is described as a disease that affects the sebaceous follicles and hair follicles of the skin. Active Acne should be treated early and adequately. Active Acne is more likely to go on to a scar if it has been left untreated or inadequately treated. Laser acne treatment is a popular choice for those who want to rid themselves of scars and enjoy refreshed skin and renewed confidence;
- tattoo removal;
- stretch marks removal. Stretch marks can appear anywhere on the body where the skin has been stretched, and they often occur as a result of weight gain. They are most likely to appear in places where fat is stored, including the abdomen, breasts, upper arms, thighs and buttocks. Stretch marks occur in the dermis, the resilient middle layer that helps the skin retain its shape. When the dermis is constantly stretched over time, the skin becomes less elastic and the small connective fibres within it break. The result is what we know as stretch marks.
- pigmentation treatment. Benign pigmented spots are colored spots or patches on the skin caused by increased production of melanin, the dark pigment in the skin. For the best results the combination of several treatments are recommended, including laser treatment;
- skin rejuvenation/anti-aging treatmen;
- treatment of varicose veins;
- thread veins treatment. Thread veins are small superficial red, purple or blue veins which may appear anywhere on the body, but most commonly on the face and legs. Thread veins occur when the vein dilates and become large enough to be visible through the skin;
- scars treatment;
- rosacea treatment;
- birthmarks (port wine stain) treatment.

What is the procedure?

Acne treatment
A cold gel is applied to the area to be treated. After which the sapphire crystal waveguide is gently applied to the skin and pulses of light are applied. The advanced technology produces a light that eliminates the acne bacteria that cause the infection leading to spots. It also gently heats up the skin around the spots, producing collagen that boost the healing process and stimulates the natural mechanism repair of the skin.
You should feel no more than the sharp snap of a rubber band against the skin. The treatment is extremely fast and an area of the face such as the cheeks may take less than 5 minutes to treat whilst the full face may take just 20 minutes.

Tattoo removal
Tattoos are of two main types: the Indian ink amateur tattoo or the multi-colored, professional tattoo. Single-color tattoos usually respond best to laser tattoo removal.
Multi-colored, professional tattoos are much more difficult to eradicate completely. Black, blue and red colors in the tattoo are not unduly difficult to remove, but green, yellow and purple pigment can be particularly troublesome.
While tattoo ink particles are in their normal state, they are too large for the body’s immune system to remove naturally. The tattoo ink is broken into smaller particles, which the body is able to remove. The laser energy breaks up the ink particles into very tiny fragments. These fragments are taken up by the scavenger cells in the skin (the macrophages), and carried away from the tattoo site, resulting in less tattoo pigment and a gradual disappearance of the tattoo. Indian ink tattoos may respond to as few as 6 tattoo removal treatments, but usually require 12 treatments for them to resolve.
Occasionally, however, the tattoo will not resolve completely, even with the best laser technology, and a little 'ghosting' of pigment remains.

Stretch marks removal
Stretch marks removal usually consists of several steps. The microdermabrasion, laser therapy and ultrasound treatment involves an advanced form of deep skin exfoliation, encouraging skin renewal. The laser stimulates the production of fresh young skin cells and collagen, promoting new collagen growth, resulting in smooth healthier skin. The procedure is performed by passing a hand held device that uses a highly controlled flow of fine, medical grade crystals over the skin, after which the laser technology is applied.

Skin rejuvenation/Anti-aging treatment
There are two types of anti-ageing treatments:
1) Resurfacing treatments. These treatments use lasers to remove a layer of skin from the face. As the skin heals a new, softer and tighter layer grows back, fewer blemishes, wrinkles or scars should be visible. This process may need to be repeated several times.
There are several laser skin resurfacing treatments – for example, Fractitional. It’s different because it doesn't target the whole of the skin area. Instead, it fires hundreds of microscopic beams, producing tiny dot-like ‘treatment (microthermal) zones’.
This means the skin should heal much more quickly than if a whole layer is removed. Again, several treatments are required to achieve the desired effect.
2) Photorejuvenation. This technique is used to reduce fine thread veins, brown or red pigmentation and wrinkles. In the treatment of wrinkles, the laser may stimulate the production of collagen in the skin, which ‘plumps out’ fine lines and wrinkles.
In the treatment of red facial thread veins and leg thread veins, port wine stain birthmarks and rosacea, laser light is absorbed by the blood in the vein, damaging or destroying the vein’ so that it gradually dissolves and is removed by the body’s immune system over the course of several weeks.

What kind of result can you expect?

Recovery period and recommendations

After Acne treatment
After the treatment slight redness of the skin may be visible. Because this treatment does not damage the outer layers of the skin, there is no healing time and normal activities can be resumed immediately.

After tattoo removal
Once the whitening of the treated area disappears, it is not unusual for swelling and erythema and the skin becoming quite red and appearing inflamed, this may last for several hours. There may also be temporary pigment alterations. Any discomfort is minimal, and may be minimized if the area is treated with an ice pack.
It is important, to make sure that the areas of your tattoo that have been treated are not exposed to strong ultraviolet light or sunshine after the procedure.

After stretch marks removal
After the treatment the surface treated may have some spots of blood, and these may scab and take about a week to heal. Inflammation (active redness) is a consequence of fibroblast collagen resulting in more elastic skin.
Epidermis renewal usually occurs within four and five days depending on the length of the treatment or depth of abrasion, leaving about 1 – 2 weeks in-between treatments. After each treatment it is best to apply the professionally recommended products, to accelerate the skin tissue repair. The number of treatments required will depend on how old and how deep the stretch marks are.

Possible side effects and complications

Treatments that involve targeting blood vessels rather than hairs, such as those for thread veins, may have painful after-effects and can cause bruising that can last for several days.
With laser treatment, there is also a risk that your skin might lose its natural color or become darker. While normal skin pigment will usually recover, it can take a long time.






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