Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela



Official language (s)



916.445 km2



Ethnic groups

33% - Mestizo
32% - White
21% - Mulatto
8% - African descent
4% - Amerindian
2% - other 

Major cities
(with population)

Caracas - 5.905.463
Valencia - 2.227.165
Maracaibo - 2.108.404
Barquisimeto - 2.000.000
Maracay - 1.767.217
Guayana City - 940.477

Currency (-ies)

Bolivar fuerte (VEF), subdivided into 100 centimos 

Main religion (s)

92% - Roman Catholic

Time zone (s)

GTM – 4:30

Dialing code



Venezuela has a tropical climate influenced by altitude. The country has four climatic zones:
(1) the Tierra Caliente comprising the coastal plains, valleys and central prairies with an elevation less than 800 metres (2,625 feet) and temperatures averaging 25 to 35°C (76 to 96°F);
(2) the Tierra Templada which comprises the lower mountain slopes and plateaux between 800 metres and 2,000 metres (2,625 to 6,562 feet) with temperatures averaging 10°C to 25°C (50 to 77°F);
(3) the Tierra Fria a sub-alpine zone of the mountains from 2,000 to 3,000 metres (6,562 to 9,843 feet) with average temperatures below 24°C (75°F);
(4) the Paramos above the timberline which has an average temperature seldom above 15°C (59°F).
The wet season is from May to November.
Average temperature ranges in Caracas are from 24°C (75°F) to 27°C (81°F) all year.

Administrative division

Venezuela is divided into 23 states (estados), a capital district (distrito capital) corresponding to the city of Caracas, and the Federal Dependencies (Dependencias Federales, a special territory). Venezuela is further subdivided into 335 municipalities (municipios); these are subdivided into over one thousand parishes (parroquias). The states are grouped into nine administrative regions (regiones administrativas).

Major airports

Caracas: Simon Bolivar International Airport of Maiquetia (CCS)
Maracaibo: La Chinita International Airport (MAR)
Valencia: Arturo Michelena International Airport (VLN)
Barquisimeto: Jacinto Lara International Airport (BRM)
Guayana City: Manuel Carlos Piar Guayana Airport (PZO)
Punto Fijo: Josefa Camejo International Airport (LSP)
San Antonio del Tachira: Juan Vicente Gomez International Airport (SVZ)

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