Syria

125px-Flag_of_Syria_svg-125.png

Syrian Arab Republic

Capital

Damascus 

Official language (s)

Arabic

Area

185.180 km2

Population

22.530.746

Ethnic groups

90% - Arabs
9% - Kurds

Major cities
(with population)

Aleppo - 2.132.100
Damascus - 1.711.000
Homs - 652.609
Latakia - 383.786
Hama - 312.994

Currency (-ies)

Syrian pound (SYP), subdivided into 100 qirsh (piastre) 

Main religion (s)

74% - Sunnis
13% - Alawites, Ismailis and Twelvers
10% - Christian
3% - Druze

Time zone (s)

GTM + 02  

Dialing code

+963

Climate

Syria has a Mediterranean climate on the coast characterized by hot dry summers and mild wet winters. The mountainous regions have moderate summers, although the interior plateaux have very hot summers and cold winters while the Hamad region has a true desert climate. The coolest month is January and the hottest are July and August.
Average temperature ranges in Damascus are from 0 to 12°C (32 to 54°F) in January to 18 to 37°C (65 to 99°F) in August.

Administrative division

Syria is divided into fourteen governorates. The governorates are divided into a total of sixty-one districts, which are further divided into sub-districts.

Major airports

Damascus: Damascus International Airport (DAM)
Aleppo: Aleppo International Airport (ALP)
Latakia: Bassel Al-Assad International Airport (LTK)






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