Pakistan

125px-Flag_of_Pakistan_svg-111.png

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Capital

Islamabad

Official language (s)

Urdu
English

Area

796.095 km2

Population

177.100.000

Ethnic groups

44,7% - Punjabi
15,2% - Pashtun
14,1% - Sindhi
8,3% - Sariaki
7,6% - Muhajirs
3,6% - Balochi 

Major cities
(with population)

Karachi - 13.205.339
Lahore - 7.129.609
Faisalabad - 4.880.675
Rawalpindi - 3.991.656
Multan - 1.606.481 

Currency (-ies)

Pakistani Rupee (PKR), subdivided into 100 paisa 

Main religion (s)

97% - Muslim
1,6% - Hindu
1,6% - Christian

Time zone (s)

GTM + 05

Dialing code

+92

Climate

The climate varies from tropical to temperate, with arid conditions in the coastal south. There is a monsoon season with frequent flooding due to heavy rainfall, and a dry season with significantly less rainfall or none at all. There are four distinct seasons: a cool, dry winter from December through February; a hot, dry spring from March through May; the summer rainy season, or southwest monsoon period, from June through September; and the retreating monsoon period of October and November.  The prevailing summer wind is a dry wind called the Loo.
Average temperature ranges in Karachi, largest Pakistan city, are from 13 to 25°C (55 to 77°F) in January to 28 to 34°C (82 to 93°F) in June.

Administrative division

Pakistan is a federation of four provinces: Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan, as well as the Islamabad Capital Territory and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas in the northwest, which include the Frontier Regions.
Local government follows a three-tier system of districts, tehsils and union councils.

Major airports

Karachi: Jinnah International Airport (KHI)
Lahore: Lahore Allama Iqbal International Airport (LHE)
Islamabad: Benazir Bhutto International Airport (ISB)
Peshawar: Peshawar Bacha Khan International Airport (PEW)
Quetta: Quetta International Airport (UET)







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