Oman

125px-Flag_of_Oman_svg-92.png

Sultanate of Oman

Capital

Muscat

Official language (s)

Arabic

Area

309.501 km2

Population

2.773.479

Ethnic groups

73% - Arab (Yamaniyah or Hinawi and Nizari or Ghafiri)
27% - Iranians, Baluchis, Indians, Pakistanis and Black Africans 

Major cities
(with population)

Muscat - 797.000
Seeb - 237.816
Salalah - 163.140
Bawshar - 159.487
Sohar -108.274 

Currency (-ies)

Rial (OMR), subdivided into 1000 baisa 

Main religion (s)

75% - Ibadi (Ibadhi)
24% - Sunni Muslim
1% - Zaydi Shiite

Time zone (s)

GTM + 04

Dialing code

+968

Climate

Oman has a hot climate and very little rainfall. While the mountain areas receive more plentiful rainfall, some parts of the coast, particularly near the island of Masirah, sometimes receive no rain at all within the course of a year. The climate generally is very hot, with temperatures reaching around 50°C (122°F) (peak) in the hot season, from May to September.
Average temperature ranges in Muscat are from 19°C (66°F) to 38°C (100°F) all year. 

Administrative division

Oman is divided into eleven governorates (muhafazah). Below the governorates, Oman is divided into provinces (wilayat). 

Major airports

Muscat: Muscat International Airport (MCT)
Khasab: Khasab Airport  (KHS)
Salalah: Salalah Airport (SLL)







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