Nepal

125px-Flag_of_Nepal_svg-85.png

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Capital

Kathmandu

Official language (s)

Nepali
Nepal Bhasa, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Awadhi, Sherpa, Kiranti, Limbu and other (103 in total) are recognized regional languages.

Area

147.181 km2

Population

26.620.809

Ethnic groups

80% - Indo-Nepalese
20% - Tibeto-Nepalese

Major cities
(with population)

Kathmandu - 1.006.656
Pokhara - 250.000
Biratnagar - 189.000
Patan (Lalitpur Sub-Metropolitan City)  - 162.991
Birganj - 112.484

Currency (-ies)

Nepalese rupee (NPR), subdivided into 100 paisa  

Main religion (s)

80,6% - Hinduist
10,7% - Buddhist
4,2% - Muslim
3,6% - Mundhum

Time zone (s)

GTM + 5:45

Dialing code

+977

Climate

Nepal has five climatic zones, broadly corresponding to the altitudes. The tropical and subtropical zones lie below 1,200 metres (3,937 ft), the temperate zone 1,200 to 2,400 metres (3,937 to 7,874 ft), the cold zone 2,400 to 3,600 metres (7,874 to 11,811 ft), the subarctic zone 3,600 to 4,400 metres (11,811 to 14,436 ft), and the Arctic zone above 4,400 metres (14,436 ft).
Nepal experiences five seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring.
Average temperature ranges in Kathmandu are from 2 to 20°C (36 to 73°F) in January to 20 to 29°C (68 to 84°F) in July. 

Administrative division

Nepal is divided into 14 zones and 75 districts, grouped into five development regions.

Major airports

Kathmandu: Tribhuvan International Airport (KTM)
Pokhara: Pokhara Airport (PKR)
Biratnagar: Biratnagar Airport (BIR)







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