Republic of Latvia



Official language (s)



64.589 km2



Ethnic groups

62,1% - Latvians
26,9% - Russians
3,3% - Belarusians
2,2% - Ukrainians
2,2% - Poles
1,2% - Lithuanians
2,1% - others and unspecified 

Major cities
(with population)

Riga - 705.703
Daugavpils - 103.053
Liepaja - 83.884
Jelgava - 64.748
Jurmala - 56.147

Currency (-ies)

Lats (LVL), subdivided into 100 santimi 

Main religion (s)

32% - Evangelic Lutheran
22,5% - Roman Catholic
17% - Orthodox

Time zone (s)

GTM + 02

Dialing code



Latvia has a temperate, humid semi-continental climate that is characterized by warm summers, freezing winters and frequently high levels of humidity and precipitation. Latvia's weather conditions are influenced by the proximity of the Baltic Sea.
Latvia has four pronounced seasons of near-equal length. Winters, starting in mid-December and lasting till mid-March, have average temperatures of around – 6°C and are characterized by stable snow cover, bright sunshine and short days. Severe spells of winter weather with cold winds, extreme temperatures of around – 30° and heavy snowfalls are common. Summers, starting in June and lasting till August, are usually warm and sunny with cool evenings and nights. Summers have average temperatures of around +19°C with extremes of +35°C. The weather in spring and autumn is fairly mild. 

Administrative division

Latvia is a unitary state, currently divided into 110 one-level municipalities (novadi) and 9 republican cities (republikas pilsetas) with their own city council and administration. 

Major airports

Riga: Riga International Airport (RIX)
Liepaja: Liepaja International Airport (LPX)
Ventspils: Ventspils International Airport (VNT)

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