Korea, South


Republic of Korea



Official language (s)



100.210 km2



Ethnic groups

97,25% - Korean
2,75% - other ethnic groups

Major cities
(with population)

Seoul - 10.251.297
Busan - 3.548.640
Incheon - 2.808.286
Daegu - 2.508.563
Daejeon - 1.518.651
Gwangju - 1.466.516
Ulsan - 1.136.948
Suwon - 1.098.010
Changwon - 1.091.733
Seongnam - 979.412

Currency (-ies)

Won (KRW), subdivided into 100 jeon

Main religion (s)

46,5% - Atheist
22,8% - Buddhist
18,3% - Protestants
10,9% - Roman Catholic
1,7% - others

Time zone (s)

GTM + 09

Dialing code



South Korea tends to have a humid continental climate and a humid subtropical climate, and is affected by the East Asian monsoon, with precipitation heavier in summer during a short rainy season called jangma, which begins end of June through the end of July. Winters can be extremely cold with the minimum temperature dropping below −20°C in the inland region of the country. Summer can be uncomfortably hot and humid, with temperatures exceeding 30°C (86°F) in most parts of the country.
In Seoul, the average January temperature range is −7 to 1°C (19 to 33°F), and the average August temperature range is 22 to 30°C (71 to 86 °F).

Administrative division

South Korea is divided into 8 provinces (do), 1 special autonomous province (teukbyeol jachido), 6 metropolitan cities (gwangyeoksi), and 1 special city (teukbyeolsi). These are further subdivided into a variety of smaller entities, including cities (si), counties (gun), districts (gu), towns (eup), townships (myeon), neighborhoods (dong) and villages (ri).

Major airports

Incheon: Incheon International Airport (ICN)
Seoul: Gimpo International Airport (GMP)
Jeju: Jeju International Airport (CJU)
Busan: Gimhae International Airport (PUS)
Gwangju: Gwangju Airport (KWJ)
Cheongju: Cheongju International Airport (CJJ)
Daegu: Daegu International Airport (TAE)

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