Israel

Israel-55.png

State of Israel

Capital

Jerusalem (not internationally recognized)
Tel Aviv

Official language (s)

Hebrew
Arabic

Area

22.072 km2

Population

7.879.500

Ethnic groups

75,3% - Jewish
20,5% - Arab
4,2% - other

Major cities
(with population)

Jarusalem - 780.200
Tel Aviv - 404.000
Haifa - 266.900
Rishon LeZion - 229.600
Petah Tikva - 210.300

Currency (-ies)

Israeli New Shekel (ILS), subdivided into 100 agorot

Main religion (s)

75,4% - Jewish
16,9% - Muslim
2,1% - Christian
1,7% - Druze

Time zone (s)

GTM + 02

Dialing code

+972

Climate

Temperatures in Israel vary widely, especially during the winter. The more mountainous regions can be windy, cold, and sometimes snowy; Jerusalem usually receives at least one snowfall each year. coastal cities, such as Tel Aviv and Haifa, have a typical Mediterranean climate with cool, rainy winters and long, hot summers. The area of Beersheba and the Northern Negev has a semi-arid climate with hot summers, cool winters and fewer rainy days than the Mediterranean climate. The Southern Negev and the Arava areas have desert climate with very hot and dry summers, and mild winters with few days of rain.
Average temperature ranges in Jerusalem are from 5 to 13°C (41 to 55°F) in January to 18 to 31°C (64 to 88°F) in August.

Administrative division

The State of Israel is divided into six main administrative districts, known as mehozot. Districts are further divided into fifteen sub-districts known as nafot, which are themselves partitioned into fifty natural regions.

Major airports

Tel Aviv: Ben Gurion International Airport (TLV), Sde Dov Airport (SDV)
Eilat: Eilat Airport (ETH)
Negev: Ovda Airport (VDA)
Haifa: Haifa International Airport (HFA)






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