Iceland

Iceland-44.png

Iceland

Capital

 Reykjavik

Official language (s)

Icelandic

Area

103.001 km2

Population

320.060

Ethnic groups

93% - Icelandic
~2% - Nordic
~5% - other

Major cities
(with population)

Reykjavik - 120.165
Kopavogur - 30.401
Hafnarfjordur - 26.031

Currency (-ies) 

Icelandic krona (ISK), subdivided into 100 aurar

Main religion (s)

80,7% - Church of Iceland (Lutheran)
3,27% - Catholic

Time zone (s)

GTM + 00

Dialing code

+354

Climate

The climate of Iceland's coast is subpolar oceanic. The warm North Atlantic Current ensures generally higher annual temperatures than in most places of similar latitude in the world. Despite its proximity to the Arctic, the island's coasts remain ice-free through the winter. The south coast is warmer, wetter and windier than the north. The Central Highlands are the coldest part of the country. Low-lying inland areas in the north are the most arid. Snowfall in winter is more common in the north than the south.
Average temperature ranges in Reykjavik are from -2 to 2°C (28 to 36°F) in January to 9 to 14°C (48 to 67°F) in July.

Administrative division

Iceland is divided into regions, constituencies, counties, and municipalities. There are eight regions, 23 counties  and 75 municipalities in Iceland.

Major airports

Keflavik: Keflavik International Airport (KEF)
Reykjavik: Reykjavik Airport (RKV)







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