Hellenic Republic



Official language (s)



131.990 km2



Ethnic groups

94% - Greek
4% - Albanian
2% - others

Major cities
(with population)

Athens - 3.074.160
Thessaloniki - 790.824
Patras - 214.580
Heraklion - 173.450
Larissa - 163.380

Currency (-ies)

Euro (EUR), subdivided into 100 cents (eurocents).

Main religion (s)

98% - Greek Orthodox

Time zone (s)

GTM + 02

Dialing code



The climate of Greece is primarily Mediterranean, featuring mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. In the summer the Etesian, a northerly wind, blows across the Aegean Sea while in the mountainous areas, temperatures are generally cooler with severe winter temperatures and heavy rainfall. Average temperature ranges in Athens are from 6 to 13°C (43 to 55°F) in February to 23 to 33°C (73 to 91°F) in August.

Administrative division

Greece consists of thirteen regions subdivided into a total of 325 municipalities. The 54 old prefectures and prefecture-level administrations have been largely retained as sub-units of the regions.There is also one autonomous area, Mount Athos.

Major airports

Athens: Athens International Airport (ATH)
Thessaloniki: Thessaloniki International Airport (SKG)
Alexandroupoli: Alexandroupolis International Airport (AXD)
Heraklion: Heraklion International Airport (HER)
Kalamata: Kalamata International Airport (KLX)
Kavala: Kavala International Airport (KVA)

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