Federal Republic of Germany



Official language (s)



357.021 km2


Ethnic groups


Major cities
(with population)

Berlin - 3.471756
Hamburg - 1.786.448
Munich - 1.353.186
Cologne - 1.007.119
Frankfurt - 688.664
Stuttgart - 606.588
Dusseldorf - 598.786
Dortmund - 580.444
Essen - 574.635
Bremen - 547.340

Currency (-ies)

Euro (EUR), subdivided into 100 cents (eurocents).

Main religion

30% - Roman Catholic
29,9% - Protestant
4,6 - 5,2% - Muslim

Time zone (s)

GTM + 01

Dialing code



Germany has a continental climate in the western regions of the country with strong Atlantic influences in the northwest causing the winters to be mild but stormy. Further inland the winter temperatures are lower and the summers are warm with slightly higher temperatures in the southwest. A temperate climate is experienced in the eastern regions with an Atlantic influence giving rise to mild winters and cool summers. Due to a stronger Alpine influence rather than the Atlantic in the interior, conditions are generally wetter and colder at higher altitudes with snow lying in the mountains for some time. Average annual temperature in Berlin ranges are from 0.5°C (31°F) in January to 19°C (66°F) in July.

Administrative division

Germany comprises sixteen states. Due to differences in size and population the subdivision of these states varies, especially between city states and states with larger territories. As of 2009 Germany is divided into 403 on municipal level, these consist of 301 rural districts and 102 urban districts.

Major airports

Frankfurt: Frankfurt Airport (FRA)
Munich: Munich Airport (MUC)
Dusseldorf: Dusseldorf International Airport (DUS)
Berlin: Berlin Tegel Airport (TXL), Berlin Schonefeld Airport (SXF)
Hamburg: Hamburg Airport (HAM)
Cologne: Cologne/Bonn Airport (CGN)
Stuttgart: Stuttgart Aisport (STR)
Hanover: Hanover Airport (HAJ)

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