Finland

Finland-43.png

Republic of Finland

Capital

Helsinki 

Official language (s)

Finnish
Swedish
Sami is recognized regional language

Area

338.144 km2

Population

5.402.758

Ethnic groups

93,4% - Finn
5,6% - Swede
0,5% - Russian
0,3% - Estonian
0,1% - Roma (Gypsy)
0,1% - Sami

Major cities
(with population)

Helsinki - 579.016
Tampere - 209.748
Turku - 175.422
Oulu - 137.370
Lahti - 100.444

Currency (-ies)

Euro (EUR), subdivided into 100 cents (eurocents) 

Main religion (s)

82,5% - Evangelical Lutheran
1,1% - Orthodox
1,1% - other

Time zone (s)

GTM + 02  

Dialing code

+358 

Climate

Finland has a humid and cool semi-continental climate, characterized by warm summers and freezing winters. The climate type in southern Finland is north temperate climate. Winters of southern Finland (average day time temperature is below 0°C / 32°F) are usually 4 months long, and the snow typically covers the land from middle of December to early April.
The coldest winter days of southern Finland can be as low as −40°C (−40°F), and the warmest days of July and August can be as high as 35°C (95°F).
Climatic summers of the southern Finland last 4 months (from mid May to mid September). In northern Finland, particularly in Lapland, a subarctic climate dominates, characterized by cold, occasionally severe winters and relatively warm, short summers.
Average temperature ranges in Helsinki are from −9 to −4°C (16 to 25°F) in February to 12 to 23°C (54 to 72°F) in July. 

Administrative division

The fundamental administrative divisions of the country are the municipalities, which may also call themselves towns or cities. There are 336 municipalities in Finland.
In addition to municipalities, two intermediate levels are defined. Municipalities co-operate in seventy sub-regions and nineteen regions. 

Major airports

Helsinki (Vantaa): Helsinki-Vantaa Airport (HEL)
Tampere (Pirkkala): Tampere – Pirkkala Airport (TMP)
Turku: Turku Airport (TKU)
Oulu (Oulunsalo): Oulu Airport (OUL)







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