Arab Republic of Egypt



Official language (s)



1.001.450 km2



Ethnic groups

99,6% - Egyptian
0,4% - other  

Major cities
(with population)

Cairo - 8.105.071
Alexandria - 4.388.219
Giza - 3.348.401
Shubra El-Kheima - 1.072.951
Port Said - 607.353

Currency (-ies)

Egyptian pound (EGP), subdivided into 100 piastre

Main religion

90% - Muslim
9% - Coptic (Orthodox or Catholic)
1% - other Christians

Time zone (s)

GTM + 02

Dialing code



Egypt has an arid desert climate. There are two seasons, the cool winter season from November to April, and the hot summer season from May to October, although temperatures are often tempered strong offshore breezes. The period between March and June is subject to the Khamsin which is a dust laden sandstorm that blows from the Sahara in the south.
In the coastal regions, temperature daytime temperatures range between an average of minimum 14°C (57°F) in winter and average of maximum 30°C (86°F) in summer.
In deserts the temperature vary to a great degree, especially in summer; they may range from 7°C (44,6°F) at night, to 40°C (104,0°F) during the day.

Administrative division

Egypt is divided into 27 governorates. The governorates are further divided into regions. The regions contain towns and villages. Each governorate has a capital, sometimes carrying the same name as the governorate.

Major airports

Cairo: Cairo International Airport (CAI)
Alexandria: Alexandria International Airport (ALY)
Hurghada: Hurghada International Airport (HRG)
Sharm el-Sheikh: Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport (SSH)
Luxor: Luxor International Airport (LXR)
Taba: Taba International Airport (TCP)

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