Official language (s)

Chipewyan, Cree, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, Slavey (North and South) and Taicho are recognized as national languages.


9.984.670 km2



Ethnic groups


Major cities
(with population)

Toronto - 5.583.064
Montreal - 3.824.221
Vancouver - 2.313.328
Ottawa-Gatineau - 1.236.324
Calgary - 1.214.839
Edmonton - 1.159.869
Quebec - 765.706
Winnipeg - 730.018
Hamilton - 721.053

Currency (-ies)

Canadian dollar (CAD), subdivided into 100 cents

Main religion

42,6% - Roman Catholic
23,3% - Protestant  

Time zone (s)

GTM – 3,5 to GTM – 8  

Dialing code



Canada has a continental climate which is arctic in the north and maritime near the west coast, while near the US border a narrow strip has a temperate climate with cold winters. The north Canadian coast is permanently icebound except for Hudson Bay which is only frozen for 9 months of the year. The west coast and some inland valleys have mild winters and mild summers with rainfall occurring throughout the year. On the Atlantic coast the winter temperatures are warmer than those of the interior, but summer temperatures are lower. Much of the southern interior of Canada has high summer temperatures and long cold winters. Average temperature ranges in Ottawa are from -15 to -6°C (5 to 21°F) in January to 15 to 26°C (59 to 79°F) in July. 

Administrative division

Canada is a federation composed of ten provinces and three territories. In turn, these may be grouped into four main regions: Western Canada, Central Canada, Atlantic Canada, and Northern Canada ("Eastern Canada" refers to Central Canada and Atlantic Canada together). 

Major airports

- Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ)
- Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport (YTZ)
Vancouver: Vancouver International Airport (YVR)
Montreal: Montreal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (YUL)
Calgary: Calgary International Airport (YYC)
Edmonton: Edmonton International Airport (YEG)
Ottawa: Ottawa/Macdonald-Cartier International Airport (YOW)
Halifax: Halifax/Robert L. Stanfield International Airport (Halifax Stanfield International Airport) (YHZ)
Winnipeg: Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport (YWG)
Victoria: Victoria International Airport (YYJ) 

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