Bhutan

Flag_of_Bhutan.svg-136.png

Kingdom of Bhutan

Capital

Thimphu

Official language (s)

Dzongkha

Area

38.394 km2

Population

742.737

Ethnic groups

 

Major cities
(with population)

Thimphu - 62.500
Phuntsholing - 60.400
Punakha - 21.500

Currency (-ies)

Ngultrum (BTN), subdivided into 100 chhertum

Main religion (s)

76% - Buddhism
23% - Hinduism
1% - others

Time zone (s)

GTM + 06

Dialing code

+975

Climate

The climate in Bhutan varies with elevation, from subtropical in the south to temperate in the highlands and polar-type climate, with year-round snow in the north. Bhutan experiences five distinct seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring. Western Bhutan has the heavier monsoon rains; southern Bhutan has hot humid summers and cool winters; central and eastern Bhutan is temperate and drier than the west with warm summers and cool winters.
Temperatures vary according to elevation. Temperatures in Thimphu, located at 2,200 meters above sea level in west-central Bhutan, range from approximately 15°C (59ºF)  to 26°C (79ºF) during the monsoon season of June through September but drop to between about -4°C (25ºF) and 16°C (61ºF)  in January.

Administrative division

Bhutan is divided into twenty dzongkhags (districts), administered by a body called the Dzongkhag Tshogdu. In certain thromdes (urban municipalities), a further municipal administration is directly subordinate to the Dzongkhag administration. In the vast majority of constituencies, rural gewogs (village blocks) are administered by bodies called the Gewog Tshogde.

Major airports

Paro: Paro Airport (PBH)







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