Plastic Surgery

Surgical tooth extraction

What is the Surgical tooth extraction?

Surgical extractions involve the removal of teeth that cannot be easily accessed, either because they have broken under the gum line or because they have not erupted fully. Surgical extractions almost always require an incision.

The most common reason for tooth extraction is tooth damage due to breakage or decay.

What is the procedure?

In a surgical extraction the doctor usually elevates the soft tissues covering the tooth and bone. During the procedure doctor may also remove some of the overlying and/or surrounding jawbone tissue with a drill or osteotome. Frequently, the tooth may be split into multiple pieces to facilitate its removal. Surgical extractions are usually performed under a general anaesthetic.

What kind of result can you expect?

Recovery period and recommendations

The blood clot that forms in the extraction socket is very important for the healing process. The patient should try to avoid anything that will disturb its formation or will dissolve or dislodge it later.

Immediately after tooth is extracted, blood flowing from the alveolar bone and gingiva begin to clot. The clot functions by preventing debris, food and other irritants from entering the tooth extraction site. It also protects the underlying bone from the bacteria and finally acts as a supporting system in which granulation tissue develops.

After a surgical tooth extraction, the gum area will heal after 3 to 4 weeks. The jawbone, if affected, might take 3 to 6 months to be restructured.

Possible side effects and complications

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