Plastic Surgery

Root canal treatment

What is the Root canal treatment?

Root canal treatment is a dental procedure to treat infection at the centre of a tooth (the root canal system). Root canal treatment is also called endodontics. The infection is caused by bacteria that live in the mouth. This can happen in a number of ways. These include:
- severe tooth decay;
- an injury, such as a blow to your mouth;
- cracked or loose fillings, or repeated fillings in your tooth;
- gum disease.

The root canal system contains the dental pulp and extends from the crown of the tooth to the end of the root. A single tooth can have more than one root canal.

The pulp is made up of soft tissue that includes nerves and blood vessels. If the pulp in your tooth becomes infected this can spread to the root canal and your tooth may become painful. If the infection spreads further it can cause a tooth abscess, which is a collection of pus. This can be painful and tender when you bite down on your tooth and can cause swelling around your tooth and jaw.

Sometimes your tooth may look darker in color than your other teeth, which means that the nerve inside your tooth is dead or dying. Without treatment the infection may spread further into your jawbone and you may need to have the tooth taken out.

What is the procedure?

In root canal treatment, the bacteria are removed from inside the root canal system, the root canal is filled and the tooth is sealed with a filling or crown. In most cases, the inflamed tissue at the end of the tooth will heal naturally.

Root canal treatment should not be painful because local anesthetic is usually used. The procedure is usually very successful and should be no more unpleasant than having a filling.

What kind of result can you expect?

Recovery period and recommendations

Possible side effects and complications

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