Plastic Surgery

Gum disease treatment

What is the Gum disease?

Gum disease, also known as Periodontitis or Gingivitis is a periodontal disease, which may affect the teeth, the gums or other tissues and parts of the mouth. It beginns with bacterial growth in persons mouth and may end with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth.

There are a variety of treatments for gum disease depending on:
-  the stage of disease;
-  how a patient have responded to earlier treatments;
-  patiens overall health.

Treatments range from non-surgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissues.

What are common non-surgical treatments of Gum disease?

Professional dental cleaning and Scaling & root planing are most commonly used non-surgical treatments for gum disease.

Professional dental cleaning. During the procedure dentist (dental hygienist) removes the plaque and tartar (plaque that builds up and hardens on the tooth surface and can only be removed with professional cleaning) from above and below the gum line of all teeth.

In cases a patient have some signs of gum disease, professional dental cleaning is recommended more than twice a year.

Scaling & root planing. This is a deep-cleaning, non-surgical procedure, done under a local anesthetic, whereby plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line are scraped away (scaling) and rough spots on the tooth root are made smooth (planing).

Smoothing the rough spots removes bacteria and provides a clean surface for the gums to reattach to the teeth. Scaling and root planing is done in cases when a patient has hardened plaque and calculus (also called tartar) under the gums that needs to be removed.

What kind of result can you expect?

Recovery period and recommendations

Possible side effects and complications

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