Plastic Surgery

composite filling

What is the Composite filling?

A composite filling is made of dimethacrylates and assorted filler-particles such as fine-grained glass, ceramic, quartz powder and silicate.

A composite filling is both durable and cosmetically pleasing. When glued to a tooth, it provides an effective barrier against bacteria and also holds the tooth together.

Advantages and disadvantages of the procedure

Advantages of composite filling:
- aesthetics. The shade/color of the composite fillings can be closely matched to the color of existing teeth. Composites are particularly well suited for use in front teeth or visible parts of teeth;
- bonding to tooth structure. Composite fillings actually chemically bond to tooth structure, providing further support;
- versatility. In addition to use as a filling material for decay, composite fillings can also be used to repair chipped, broken, or worn teeth;
- tooth-sparing preparation. Sometimes less tooth structure needs to be removed compared with amalgam fillings when removing decay and preparing for the filling.

Disadvantages of composite filling:
- lack of durability. Composite fillings wear out sooner than amalgam fillings (lasting at least five years compared with at least 10 to 15 for amalgams); in addition, they may not last as long as amalgam fillings under the pressure of chewing and particularly if used for large cavities;
- increased chair time. Because of the process to apply the composite material, these fillings can take up to 20 minutes longer than amalgam fillings to place;
- additional visits. if composites are used for inlays or onlays, more than one office visit may be required;
- chipping. depending on location, composite materials can chip off the tooth;
- expense. Composite fillings can cost up to twice the cost of amalgam fillings.
In addition to tooth-colored, composite resin fillings, two other tooth-colored fillings exist - ceramics and glass ionomer.

What kind of result can you expect?

Recovery period and recommendations

Possible side effects and complications

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