Plastic Surgery

Full dentures

What are the Full dentures?

Dentures are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth, and which are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity.

Conventional dentures are removable, however there are many different denture designs, some which rely on bonding or clasping onto teeth or dental implants. There are two main categories of dentures: partial dentures and full dentures, depending on whether they are used to replace missing teeth on the mandibular arch or the maxillary arch.

Complete (full) dentures, which are worn by patients who are missing all of the teeth in a single arch (i.e. the maxillary (upper) or mandibular (lower) arch). A complete denture sits directly on the gum, and covers either the upper or lower jaw.

Your dentist will try to preserve at least one or two of your natural teeth, or use implants in order to anchor the denture and improve stability. In most cases, dentists will prefer to use an anchored denture, also known as an overdenture. Among other things, you will not have as much bone loss. Overdentures are also easier to adapt to because you will still have a few teeth with intact nerves.

This, in turn, will make it easier to adjust your bite and speech patterns.

Modern dentures are most often fabricated in a dental laboratory using a combination of a tissue shaded powder polymethylmethacrylate acrylic (PMMA) for the tissue shaded aspect, and commercially produced acrylic teeth available in hundreds of shapes and tooth colors.

The maxillary denture (the top denture) is usually relatively straightforward to manufacture so that it is stable without slippage.

A lower full denture should or must be supported by 2-4 implants placed in the lower jaw for support. A lower denture supported by 2-4 implants is a far superior product than a lower denture without implants.

Dentures must be kept clean on a regular basis. They need to be removed at night, brushed, rinsed and then left to soak in a cleaning solution.

If you’re not wearing your dentures they still need to be kept moist at all times, either by placing them in cold water or in a recommended denture solution to prevent them from drying out when not being worn.

Flexible dentures

One more type of dentures are flexible dentures. Flexible dentures are an alternative choice for those who can’t tolerate the traditional type of denture and for those who are not suitable candidates for dental implants.

This type of denture does not require the use of metal clasps to hold it in place as it works by flexing into position around the gums on insertion. Many wearers say they are more comfortable than traditional dentures. However, the soft lining in flexible dentures is a lot more susceptible to the build up of bacteria which can be harder to clean effectively.

Aesthetically, flexible dentures tend to look better than traditional dentures as the material that is used to make them is clear and blends in with the mouths natural gum color. The clasps in flexible dentures are also tooth colored.

What kind of result can you expect?

Recovery period and recommendations

Possible side effects and complications

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